Short Essay on Jammu and Kashmir in English


Jammu and Kashmir, a union territory of India (as of October 31, 2019, a state), is located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the vicinity of the Karakoram and western Himalayan mountain ranges. The region is part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan and China since the partition of the subcontinent in 1947.

The legislation passed in August 2019 set the stage for the upgradation of Jammu and Kashmir for the state. The status of a union territory and a part of it in a separate territory known as the Ladakh region. The change became effective on 31 October that year, although several court cases affecting its status remained pending. Subsequent information describes the former state of Jammu and Kashmir including the Ladakh region.

Jammu and Kashmir, formerly one of the largest princely states of India, is bordered on the northeast by the Uighur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang (China) on the east by the Tibet Autonomous Region (China) and Chinese-administered parts of Kashmir. To the south of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab of India, to the south-west of Pakistan and to the north-west from the Pakistani-administered part of Kashmir. The administrative capitals are Srinagar in summer and Jammu in winter.

Geographical Structure

Most of the region of the state is mountainous, and the physical sciences are divided into seven regions that are closely associated with the structural components of the Western Himalayas. Those areas from south-west to north-east include the plains, foothills, Pir Panjal range, Kashmir valley, Great Himalayan region, upper Indus river valley and Karakoram range.

The climate of alpine in the northeast is different from subtropical in the southwest. In the alpine region, the average annual rainfall is about 3 inches (75 mm), but the subtropical region (around Jammu) receives about 45 inches (1,150 mm) of precipitation per year.

The entire region is prone to violent seismic activity, and mild to moderate tremors are common. A strong earthquake centered in neighboring Pakistani-administered Kashmir killed hundreds of people in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in 2005.

Soil type and rain

The Jammu region consists of a narrow area of ​​plains consisting of sandy alluvial silts deposited by streams emanating from the foothills and a highly dissected pediment (eroded bedrock surface) covered with loam and oscillation (wind-deposited silt). ) by Pleistocene age (about 11,700 to 2,600,000 years old).

Precipitation is scanty, being about 15 to 20 inches (380 to 500 mm) per year, and it occurs mainly during the summer monsoon (June to September) with heavy, but heavy rain.

Trees have been almost completely refused in the countryside, and thorny shrubs and coarse grasses are the predominant forms of vegetation.

Valley of Kashmir

The Valley of Kashmir is a deep anomalous basin located at an average elevation of 5,300 feet (1,620 m) between the Pir Panjal Range and the western edge of the Great Himalayas.

During the Pleistocene period it was occupied several times by a body of water, known as Lake Carva; It is now filled with lacustrine (still water) sediments as well as alluvium deposited by the Upper Jhelum River.

The soil and water conditions are different in the valley. The climate receives an annual rainfall of about 30 inches (750 mm), which is derived partly from the summer monsoon and partly from the storms associated with the winter low-pressure system.

Himalayan region

Geologically complex and topographically, the Great Himalayas consist of many peaks with heights of 20,000 feet (6,100 m) or more, with deep remote valleys in between.

Heavy glaciation occurred in the region during the Pleistocene epoch, and remnant glaciers and icebergs still exist. The region receives some rainfall from the southwest monsoon in the summer months and the lower slopes are forested – but the mountains form a climatic division, transitioning from the monsoon climate of the Indian subcontinent to the arid climate of Central Asia. represents.

Beauty of Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is known as heaven all over the world. This place is known all over the world because of its beauty. The Ravi river flowing through the hills of Jammu is situated in the Shivlik hills.

After that the mountains and peaks which are covered with snow in Kashmir, their beauty is very unequaled. A rare beauty look. The view of the nature is worth seeing because of the snow. That’s why Jammu and Kashmir is known for its beauty all over the world.

Capital of Jammu and Kashmir

Despite being two separate states, Jammu and Kashmir, their capital and city are the same. The name of that city is Srinagar. Along with being a city and capital of two states, Srinagar is one of the popular tourist destinations all over the world.

Apart from being the capital of both the states, this city is also the largest city of the entire Jammu and Kashmir. This city was established by the king of India, Ashoka Emperor. Srinagar means ‘City of Goddess Lakshmi’.

Jammu and Kashmir borders

The borders of Jammu and Kashmir are one of the most dangerous borders in the world. There is Pakistan on one side and China on the other. The state of Jammu and Kashmir has an international border with China.

On the other hand, there is a control system that keeps this state safe from a country like Pakistan.

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